CE:0416 CF: cag062172122


Adaptability of promissory clones of national cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) in the Arosemena Tola Canton from Equator

Adaptabilidad de clones promisorios de cacao nacional (Theobroma cacao L.), en el cantón Arosemena Tola de Ecuador


Guillermo Armando Pérez Garcia1, Jorge Antonio Freile Almeida2

1Universidad de Ciego de Ávila, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Departamento de Agronomía, Carretera a Morón km 9½, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. CP 69450

2Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Centro de Investigación, Posgrado y Conservación Amazónica (CIPCA), Vía Napo km 2½ Paso Lateral s/n, Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador. CP 160150.

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The research was conducted in order to evaluate the adaptability of three promissory clones of National cocoa proposed by the Autonomous Equatorian Institute of Agricultural Research to the ecological conditions of the Arosemena Tola canton, belonging to the Napo province, Equator. To carry out to this objective a random blocks design was made, where the treatments consisted on the promissory clones, EET-95, EET-96 and EET-103 compared with the clone CCN-51 used as control. Morphological and agronomic indicators were determined. The promissory clones have characteristic of adaptability to the conditions study, in particular the clone EET-103, with high index of seeds, similar values of fruit index and yield that the control, but with higher quality and lower content of heavy metals in the seeds.

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