CE:3416 CF: cag052172121
Granivorous birdsandsorghum cropinthe province of Villa Clara, Cuba
Las aves granívoras y el cultivo del sorgo en la provincia de Villa Clara, Cuba
Orlando Miguel Saucedo Castillo1, Lourdes Enma Fernández Pérez1, Reinaldo Quiñones Ramos2, Gudelia Rodríguez Valdés1, Aldo Moya Alvarez3
1Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Central “Marta Abreu” de Las Villas (UCLV), Carretera a Camajuaní km 5 ½, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba. CP 54830
2Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Central “Marta Abreu” de Las Villas (UCLV), Carretera a Camajuaní km 5 ½, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba. CP 54830
3Centro Meteorológico Provincial Villa Clara, Marta Abreu No. 59. Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba. CP 50100
In order to reduce the damages granivorous birds cause to sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba, research based on the determination of the major endemic, migratory birds and their relationship with the distribution were made space of historical meteorological variables in the province in the seasonal behavior of birds in different climatic regions. Population to sorghum producers grouped in different forms surveys were conducted, which yielded a large database, such as the determination of the main grain-eating birds percentage damage incurred, varieties, grain color, growth stage and other indicators. Nine main species affecting sorghum grain-eating birds in our province were recorded; Passer domesticus, Lonchura malacca, Lonchura punctulata, Dives atroviolaceus, Passerina cyanea, Zonotrichia leucophrys, Columbina passerine, Zenaida macroura y Zenaida asiatica. The spatial distribution of meteorological variables and their relation to the seasonal behavior of birds in different climatic regions of the province was determined, based on record four preferential habitat areas. The results allowed us to provide companies and different forms of production in Villa Clara, the possibility of a varietal structure planting of sorghum on the basis of different preferential areas granivorous birds, together with the morphological and physiological characteristics of different genotypes introduced in agricultural production of the province and nationally.