Comparison of different planting distances in the clone of banana 'Manzano INIVIT'
Comparación de diferentes distancias de plantación en el clon de plátano fruta 'Manzano INIVIT'
Instituto de Investigaciones de Viandas Tropicales, Apartado 6, Carretera Central km 250, Santo Domingo, Villa Clara, Cuba, CP 53000
The research was developed at the Tropical Crops Research Institute, with the aim of defining the best planting distance of the banana clone 'Manzano INIVIT'. It was planted on a carbonated soft brown soil. Fourth plantation frames of 3.50 m x 2.00 m were used; 3.50 m x 2.50 m; 3.50 m x 3.00 m and 3.50 m x 3.50 m. The evaluations made were, plant height, pseudostem perimeter, number of leaves in flowering and harvest, bunch weight and agricultural yield. The height of the plant showed its lowest values in the intermediate distances. The thickness of the pseudostem presented the highest value with the distances between plants 3.50 m and 3.0 m of planting density. Regarding the number of leaves at flowering, there were no significant differences between the treatments. The number of hands ranged from 9 to 10 hands per bunch, the distance 3.50 m x 3.00 m being the lowest value compared to the other distances used. The number of fingers per cluster was 115 to 123, where the distance 3.50 m x 3.00 m reached the lowest values. Regarding the weight of the bunch, the highest weights were reached with the distance 3.50 m x 3.50 m. In turn, the best yields were obtained with the distances 3.50 m x 2.00 m and 3.50 m x 2.50 m, the values were 19.29 and 17.71 t ha-1.