CE:9815 CF: cag041172108
Incidence, progression and intensity of Bud Rot in Elaeis guineensis Jacq. in San Lorenzo, Ecuador
Incidencia, progresión e intensidad de la Pudrición del Cogollo de Elaeis guineensis Jacq. en San Lorenzo, Ecuador
Fernando Rivas Figueroa1, Fabricio Moreno1, Galán Álvaro Rivera Casignia1, Lidcay Herrera Isla2 y Michel Leiva Mora3
1Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Riobamba, Ecuador. CP 060150.
2Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Central de Las Villas, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba. CP 54830.
3Agritechbio Cia. Ltda, Venezuela 11 28 entre Darquea y Cuba, Riobamba, Ecuador. CP 060150.
BUD rot (BR) is the most serious disease of oil palm in Latin America; in Equator has caused more than 150 million USD of losses. The aim of this work was to determine the incidence, progression and disease intensity of BR in E. guineensis. Incidence and disease progression was determined from data of oil palm enterprises: Palesema, PDA, Palpailón, Energy & Palma y Alespalma during 2006-2013. Disease intensity was determined at 2013. Incidence was 66.75 % and disease intensity was 46 %. Based on projections of accumulative incidence a polynomial equation was built that predicted 78.30 % of cumulative incidence for 2014, indicating exponential growth of BR from 2009 to 2013. Magnitude of damages based on incidence, disease progression and infection index indicated the occurrence of a lethal form of BR in San Lorenzo, province of Esmeraldas, Equator.